A Byzantine fresco of Saint Mercurius a Christian victim of the Decian persecution , dated , from Ohrid , Macedonia In January , Decius is said to have issued one of the most remarkable Roman imperial edicts. From the numerous surviving texts from Egypt, recording the act of sacrifice, it appears that the edict itself was fairly clear: When they sacrificed they would obtain a certificate libellus recording the fact that they had complied with the order. Potter, Decius did not try to impose the superiority of the Roman pantheon over any other gods. It is very probable that the edict was an attempt to legitimize his position and to respond to a general unease provoked by the passing of the Roman millennium. The sacrifice was “on behalf of” Latin pro the Emperor, not to the Emperor, since a living Emperor was not considered divine. Certificates were issued to those who satisfied the commissioners during the persecution of Christians under Decius. Forty-six such certificates have been published, all dating from , four of them from Oxyrhynchus. This outbreak is referred to as the “Plague of Cyprian ” the bishop of Carthage , where both the plague and the persecution of Christians were especially severe. Cyprian’s biographer Pontius gave a vivid picture of the demoralizing effects of the plague[ citation needed ] and Cyprian moralized the event in his essay De mortalitate.
“/Israel did it”
Marriages that start online may also last longer, according to the study. Online dating has ballooned into a billion-dollar industry and the Internet “may be altering the dynamics and outcome of marriage itself,” said the study by U. The research is based on a nationally representative survey of 19, people who married between and
Where did HIV come from? Here we discuss evidence about the origin of HIV and how it came to affect humans.
Actual White History Ever since their ascension to power in Europe some two hundred years ago, the European Albinos have dedicated all of their time and energies towards substantiating their bogus European and African history, with falsified artifacts and vicarious texts, rather than collecting data and artifacts from their own actual Asian history. This behavior is new and strange, and so cannot be understood by the non-Albino mind. For though in times past, it was common for rulers who came from humble beginnings and had usurped power, to manufacture a grandiose past for themselves, in order to legitimize their new-found status.
It is unheard of for an entire race to do it, or rather try. Thus articles like the following on the Yuezhi, is likely filled with error, but because of the Albinos neglect of their own true history, it is the state of knowledge at this time. Encyclopedia Britannica says this about them: Hephthalite, also spelled Ephthalite, member of a people important in the history of India and Persia during the 5th and 6th centuries A. According to Chinese chronicles, they were originally a tribe living to the north of the Great Wall and were known as Hoa or Hoadun.
Elsewhere they were called White Huns or Hunas. They had no cities or system of writing, lived in felt tents, and practiced polyandry. In the 5th and 6th centuries the Hephthalites repeatedly invaded Persia and India. In the mid-6th century, under the attacks of the Turks, they ceased to exist as a separate people and were probably absorbed into the surrounding population. Nothing is known of their language. It must be noted that the Hephthalites were no relation to the Black Huns, they merely called themselves Huns in order to terrify their enemies.
The Real History of White People
Logos Christianity God resting after creation – Christ depicted as the creator of the world, Byzantine mosaic in Monreale , Sicily. Depictions of God the Father became prevalent only by the 15th century, and Jesus was often shown as a substitute before then. Trinitarian Christology explores the nature of Christ’s pre-existence as the Divine hypostasis called the Logos or Word, described in the passage John 1: He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.
Theologian Bernard Ramm noted that “It has been standard teaching in historic Christology that the Logos, the Son, existed before the incarnation.
This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler’s literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
Over the last 40 years, there has been a discernible increase in the number of scholars who have focused their research on early industrial organizations, a field of study that has come to be known as Archaeotechnology. Archaeologists have conducted fieldwork geared to the study of ancient technologies in a cultural context and have drawn on the laboratory analyses developed by materials scientists as one portion of their interpretive program.
Corroded iron from the Java Sea Wreck. Chinese Warring States arrowhead dating to about — B. A wrought-iron Roman cleaver. Large spear from Burkino Faso, Africa. Paperweight made by reworking iron from the Himeji Castle in Japan. In this article, an overview is presented of the status of the radiocarbon dating of iron-based materials. Recent advances include simplification in sample preparation and reduction in sample size for accelerator mass spectrometry measurements, and the potential use of rust as a viable source of material for radiocarbon dating.
Additionally, a summary is presented of all 63 previously published results for iron-based materials and 29 new results that have not been published previously. These materials range from low-carbon wrought irons to medium to very high-carbon steels and cast irons. Artifact dates range from several hundred years ago to several thousand years ago.
Literary Terms and Definitions R
Be A Better Rapper Now! History of Rap — The True Origins of Rap Music September 23, By cole mize Comments Rap music is undeniably one of the most popular music genres to date but how well do you know the history of rap? Join me as I take a stroll down memory lane and revisit the origins of what we know today as Hip-Hop. What does rapping mean? Rap is actually a very old word. You can find the term popping up as early as the 15th and 16th century in Britain.
A reconstructed skull of Homo : Stuart Hay, ANU. Homo floresiensis is known to have lived on Flores until as recently as 54, years ago.. The study was the result of an.
We hear a lot about the benefits of yoga, from its ability to decrease stress , chronic pain, as well as the risk for chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Most people are aware of its Indian spiritual and religious roots, but those tend to get washed out by the manufactured, commodified versions of yoga we see today. In fact, yoga is incredibly complex — even the word “yoga” has taken on hundreds of different meanings and practices throughout the years.
But a practice so rich in religious, spiritual, and physical meaning would take years or even a lifetime to fully understand, grasp, and manifest. They date from the Vedic period, which began in BCE. Interestingly, in some of these very early writings, yoga was used to describe a warrior dying and transcending into heaven, being carried by his chariot to reach the gods and higher powers of being. For a while, yoga was a loose notion, its meaning difficult to pin down.
It was more of a notion of meditation and a religious practice than it was exercise as we know today. But around the 5th century, it became more of an established core idea among Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains. First and foremost, these ancient versions of yoga were mostly spiritual practices, revolving around several core values. The second aimed to uplift or broaden consciousness, and the third involved using yoga as a path to transcendence.
The fourth was using yoga to enter other bodies and act supernaturally — perhaps the strangest and most mystical one.
History of Rap
They claim to have been sent by a financial institution in a faraway land, or from a corrupt bureaucrat in an equally corrupt government. Whatever the ruse, the senders always claim to need your help in spiriting away millions of dollars. But where in the world do these scammers get their distribution lists, and how did you become a target?
Others turn to sellers on underground cybercrime forums. Additionally, there are a handful of open-air markets where lists of emails are sold by the millions.
Why Do White Men Like Asian Women: The Misconceptions. Unfortunately, the majority of people on this planet are extremely narrow-minded and intolerant.
Katrina Kenny, SA Museum The most comprehensive study on the bones of Homo floresiensis, a species of tiny human discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores in , has found that they most likely evolved from an ancestor in Africa and not from Homo erectus as has been widely believed. The study by The Australian National University ANU found Homo floresiensis, dubbed “the hobbits” due to their small stature, were most likely a sister species of Homo habilis—one of the earliest known species of human found in Africa 1.
Data from the study concluded there was no evidence for the popular theory that Homo floresiensis evolved from the much larger Homo erectus, the only other early hominid known to have lived in the region with fossils discovered on the Indonesian mainland of Java. It means these two shared a common ancestor,” Dr Argue said. Homo floresiensis is known to have lived on Flores until as recently as 54, years ago. The study was the result of an Australian Research Council grant in that enabled the researchers to explore where the newly-found species fits in the human evolutionary tree.
Where previous research had focused mostly on the skull and lower jaw, this study used data points ranging across the skull, jaws, teeth, arms, legs and shoulders.
Origins of Indonesian hobbits finally revealed
Share1 Shares 8K Nothing beats a good dose of myth busting — it is one of our favorite pastimes here at the List Universe. Today is no exception. By the end of this list you should be ten facts smarter!
is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
Written by London-based personal trainer Venice A. But he says that if you adapt his advice to fit your lifestyle, you can lose 10lb to 20lb in six weeks. We take a look at what he has to say. This is the scariest but most important part of my diet plan — but I want you to stop eating breakfast for six weeks. As a result, the brain sends out hunger signals for you to have breakfast. But do you know what?
Red letter day
The giant pandas root’s could be from another continent file photo The giant panda is thought to come from mountainous western China, mainly Sichuan Louis de Bonis from the University of Poitiers in France told New Scientist. The wild giant panda is currently only found in forested mountain ranges in south-west and north-west China. The new finding shows relatives of pandas were eating plant-based diets millions of years before pandas evolved to specifically eat bamboo.
The god of Muslims is revealed as a tyrant who demands Muslims and all others submit to him. Whereas in the New Testament, Jesus revealed to Christians a God who is a loving Father, who wants us to come to Him via free will.
Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. Did Moses “write” the Exodus account or someone else, in other words is the Exodus an eye-witness account of the events? Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities Cf. The Philistines are portrayed as being in Canaan in the days of Abraham circa B. Archaeology has established that the Philistines are the Pelest of Ramesside era records and they did not settle in Canaan until circa B. Catholic Exodus date or B.
Establishing the date “when” the Exodus account was written in the Holy Bible. The archaeological excavations revealed that some of the sites were in existence only in the 7th century B. How “reliable” is the Exodus account? Is it all true? A “mix” of truth and fiction?